Read the text. Match the headings to the paragraphs.
How to skim read
Do not read every single word, just try and get the overall meaning and purpose of the text. This is called the gist of the text.
Read the introduction and conclusion paragraphs. The introduction should tell you the topic of the text and its purpose (why the author wrote it). The conclusion is likely to summarise the main ideas in the text and, again, tell you the topic and purpose of the text. Read fast, don’t read small grammar words, focus on the nouns in each sentence. If you do not understand a word move on, don’t focus too much on individual words, remember, the general topic and ideas are more important when you are skimming.
Pay attention to the first sentence and last sentence of each paragraph. The first sentence is usually a topic sentence and it will give you a general idea of the content of the paragraph. The final sentence is often a concluding sentence that often sums up the main idea of the paragraph. After the topic sentence, only look for important bits of information such as dates, names or events.
Corona Virus which is commonly known as COVID-19 is an infectious disease that causes illness in the respiratory system in humans. The term Covid 19 is sort of an acronym, derived from “Novel Corona Virus Disease 2019”. Corona Virus has affected our day to day life. This pandemic has affected millions of peoples, who are either sick or are being killed due to the spread of this disease. COVID-19 is a new virus that is impacting the whole world badly as it is spreading primarily through contact with the person. It is spread from person to person among those in close contact within 6 feet. Most of the countries have slowed down their manufacturing of the products.
Symptoms of COVID-19
The most common symptoms of this viral infection are fever, cold, cough, bone pain, and respiratory problems. Apart from these symptoms like Fatigue, Sore throat, muscle pain, loss of smell or taste can also be seen in Corona Virus patients.
Origin of Coronavirus
Coronavirus (or COVID-19) was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan city of China. In March 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the Corona Virus outbreak a pandemic.
Due to Corona Virus, the Government of India under Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced nationwide lockdown for 21 days on 23 March 2020, limiting the movement of the entire 1.3 billion population of India as a preventing measure against the Coronavirus pandemic in India.
As a result, in India, all educational institutions and almost every commercial establishment had to be shut down. International, as well as intra-state travel, was banned. India suspended all tourist visas, as a majority of the confirmed cases were linked to other countries.
Thousands of migrant workers were walking across India to reunite with their families in their native places. Indian migrant workers during the COVID-19 pandemic have faced multiple hardships. With the closure of factories and workplaces due to lockdown, millions of migrant workers had to deal with the loss of income, food shortages, and uncertainty.
The various industries and sectors are affected by the cause of this disease including the pharmaceuticals industry, power sector, educational institution, tourism. This Coronavirus creates drastic effects on the daily life of citizens, as well as on the global economy.
You must stay safe and keep others safe too. This pandemic can go away with teamwork only not individual work. We must protect everyone around us as well as ourselves. Firstly, take the vaccine when you get the chance.
Follow the local guidelines and get it as soon as possible. Further, maintain physical distancing with others. At least 1 metre of distance must be maintained from others. Even if you don’t feel they are sick, maintain the distance.
Avoid going in between crowds and close contact. Further, wear a mask that fits you properly. It will come into use when you cannot distance yourself physically or the space is not well ventilated.
After that, keep cleaning your hands with a sanitiser. Make sure it is alcohol-based. If not, wash your hands with soap and water. Further, cover your mouth when you are coughing or sneezing. If you don’t have a mask, cover it with your bent elbow. Finally, self-isolate if you develop COVID-19 symptoms.
Wear your mask properly when you are going out or have COVID-19. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth and chin. Also, clean your hands before putting them on and after taking them off.
Dispose of the disposable masks after covering them. If it is a fabric mask, wash it properly. Most importantly, do not use masks that have valves.
Create a Safer Environment
You are at a greater risk of getting COVID-19 when you are in a very crowded place or one that does not have proper ventilation. To create a safer environment, make sure you avoid closed and crowded spaces.
Further, do not get in close contact with anyone. Similarly, choose outdoor gatherings if you wish to meet someone with outdoor air. In closed settings, open the windows for natural ventilation and wear a mask.
Maintain Good Hygiene
Follow good respiratory hygiene to protect yourself and others from the virus. Clean your hands frequently with a sanitiser that is alcohol-based. Dispose of the tissues when using it for coughing or sneezing properly.
Keep disinfecting and cleaning surfaces frequently. Make sure you do it for those that people touch often. For instance, door handles phone screens, faucets, etc.
All the governments, health organizations, and other authorities are continuously focusing on identifying the cases affected by the COVID-19. Healthcare professionals face lots of difficulties in maintaining the quality of healthcare these days.
With the world facing the coronavirus crisis, the pandemic has wreaked havoc and altered human lives forever. Its impact and the untoward consequences will be felt long after the virus diminishes.
Yet, in times like this, hope is a powerful healer. Mankind stands united in its struggle against the Covid 19 pandemic and life will surely triumph.