Militancy and Suicide attacks are prohibited in Islam

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Prohibition of Burning the Enemy

‏‏أن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏أمره على ‏ ‏سرية ‏ ‏قال فخرجت فيها وقال إن وجدتم فلانا فأحرقوه بالنار فوليت فناداني فرجعت إليه فقال ‏ ‏إن وجدتم فلانا فاقتلوه ولا تحرقوه فإنه لا يعذب بالنار إلا رب النار

It is prohibited to burn the enemy with fire because the Messenger“(peace be upon him) said, “Kill [the enemy] but do not burn him. For no one punishes with fire except the Lord of the Fire.”

This hadith illustrates the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) emphasis on mercy and avoidance of harm when he established such laws of conduct on the battlefield. In modern times only were such rules of warfare established, as the Geneva Convention, in which it is impermissible to kill or torture prisoners of war. Similarly, we see that 1400 years ago, the Prophet established details rules of warfare in which even using fire in combat was prohibited, something which modern legislators of warfare have been loathe to adopt.

According to this hadith, weapons of fire are not approved by Allah. Allah prohibited burning, yet the majority of attacks by Islamic groups today involve bombs and explosions, such as the attacks on the World Trade Center on 9/11, where 3,000 people were incinerated.

Prohibition of Mutilating the Dead

‏ ‏كان نبي الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏‏ يحثنا على الصدقة وينهانا عن ‏‏ المثلة ‏ ‏فأتيت ‏ ‏عمران بن حصين ‏ ‏فسألته فقال كان رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏‏ يحثنا على الصدقة وينهانا عن ‏‏ المثلة ‏.

Imrān bin Ħušayn said the Messenger of Allah encouraged us to give charity and forbade us from mutilation.

Prohibition of Killing Non-combatants

Islam prohibits utterly the killing of those who are not actual military personnel.

حدثنا ‏ ‏عثمان بن أبي شيبة ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏يحيى بن آدم ‏ ‏وعبيد الله بن موسى ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏حسن بن صالح ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏خالد بن الفزر ‏ ‏حدثني ‏ ‏أنس بن مالك ‏أن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏انطلقوا باسم الله وبالله وعلى ملة رسول الله ولا تقتلوا شيخا فانيا ولا طفلا ولا صغيرا ولا امرأة ولا ‏‏ تغلوا ‏‏ وضموا ‏‏ غنائمكم وأصلحوا وأحسنوا إن الله يحب المحسنين {وَأَحْسِنُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ}

The Prophet sent the following message to his military leaders who were setting forth in the way of Jihād to stop hostile advances and defend Muslim territories:

Advance in the name of Allah, with Allah, on the pattern of the Messenger of Allah . That means do not to kill the elderly, infants or children and women. Do not exceed the proper bounds. Gather your spoils and make peace

وَأَحْسِنُوَاْ إِنَّ اللّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“and do good. Lo! Allah loveth those who do good.”

حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو الوليد الطيالسي ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏عمر بن المرقع بن صيفي بن رباح ‏ ‏قال ‏رباح بن ربيع ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏كنا مع رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏في غزوة فرأى الناس مجتمعين على شيء فبعث رجلا فقال انظر علام اجتمع هؤلاء فجاء فقال على امرأة قتيل فقال ما كانت هذه لتقاتل قال وعلى المقدمة ‏ ‏خالد بن الوليد ‏ ‏فبعث رجلا فقال قل ‏ ‏لخالد ‏ ‏لا يقتلن امرأة ولا ‏ ‏عسيفا

The Prophet passed by a woman who was killed and said, “She was not engaged in fighting.” The Prophet then sent to the Muslim leader Khālid ibn al-Walīd the following message, “The Prophet orders you not to kill women or servants.”

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